Do I Need To Use Distilled Water For Formula A Brief History Of Hydroponics

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A Brief History Of Hydroponics

The study of plant nutrition began thousands of years ago. The first published work on growing terrestrial plants outside the soil was a 1627 book, Sylva Sylvarum by Sir Francis Bacon, published a year after his death.

Water culture became a popular research method after that. The term ‘Hydroponics’ was coined by Dr WF Gericke in 1936 to describe the cultivation of edible and ornamental plants grown in a solution of water and dissolved nutrients.

It literally means active water; ‘hydro’ means ‘water’ and ‘ponos’ means ‘work’. Many civilizations have used hydroponic growing methods throughout history. For example, the hanging gardens of Babylon and the floating gardens of the Aztecs of Mexico and China. These are all excellent examples of Hydroponic culture.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were built around 600 BCE by King Nebuchadnezzar for his wife, Queen Amyit who remembered the mountains of her homeland in Media, Persia.

These ruins are located in the ancient city of Babylon, which was near the modern city of Baghdad in Iraq. The gardens were beautiful, using advanced hydroponic technology. Babylonian engineers devised a sophisticated system of shafts to carry buckets of water continuously. Water is put in buckets to fill the fountains and ponds of the Garden. The power to allow this was thought to be provided by slaves turning large screws. This well system was the first and only in Babylon.

Hieroglyphic records from Egypt dating back to a few hundred years BC describe the growth of plants in water. Hydroponics is not a new method of growing plants. However, many developments and improvements have been made over the years in this area of ​​horticulture, and agriculture.

In 1699, John Woodward published his water culture experiments. He found that plants in fresh water sources grew better than plants in artificial water. In 1842 a list of nine factors believed to be important for plant growth had been made, and the discovery of the German botanists, Julius von Sachs and Wilhelm Knop, in the years 1859-65, resulted in the development of soil science. little cultivation.

The growth of terrestrial plants outside the soil in mineral nutrient solutions was called solution culture. It quickly became a standard research and teaching technique and is still widely used today. Solution culture is now considered a type of hydroponics where there is no inert medium.

Throughout the last century, scientists and botanists have experimented with different methods of hydroponics. Another reason behind the drive to develop hydroponics was the need to grow new produce in uncultivated areas of the world. Today, it is well known that in some parts of the world, plants do not grow in the existing soil.

During World War II, troops stationed on uncultivated islands in the Pacific were supplied with fresh produce grown in community-based hydroponic systems.

Later in the century, hydroponics was integrated into the local program in the USA. Hydroponics is NASA’s solution to providing a sufficient food source for future space stations and planned visitors to Mars. The administration has sponsored a research program called the Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS) to further develop hydroponics technology and advance it into the future.

When NASA considered the feasibility of finding a human on another planet or on Earth’s moon, hydroponics helped fulfill the answer to this plan. In fact, NASA has a list of 15 plants, grown using hydroponics that will save your life (should the need arise).

In the 1970s, it was scientists and analysts who were involved in hydroponics. Traditional farmers and hobbyists have been drawn to the beauty of hydroponic growing.

In 1978, hydroponics pioneer Dr. Howard Resh published the first edition of his book; Hydroponics food production. This book promoted what is known as the 3-part nutrient base formula which has become a staple in today’s hydroponics garden.

Resh later went on to publish other books, and now holds a very high-profile hydroponics research and production facility in the Caribbean.

Some of the reasons why hydroponics is being adapted around the world for food production include:

  • No land is required
  • Water stays in the system and can be reused, reducing water costs
  • It is possible to control feed levels completely to lower feed costs
  • No nutrient pollution is released into the environment due to the controlled process
  • Stable, safe and high yields
  • Pests and diseases are easier to remove than from the soil because of the movement of the bag

Today, commercial growers are using hydroponics more than ever before. The ideas surrounding this growing technology touch on a number of topics that many people care about today such as helping to end world hunger and making the world cleaner.

In addition to extensive research going on, everyday people from all over the world have been building or buying their own systems to grow delicious, fresh food for their families and friends and ambitious people striving to make their dreams come true. by making a living in their backyard, or attic, and selling their produce in markets and restaurants.

For some, hydroponics allows them to create attractive ‘vertical’ gardens, which may not be possible using traditional soil-based methods.

In fact, most of the plants and flower arrangements you see today in large office spaces are displayed using hydroponic systems. It makes feeding the system easy, ensuring healthy displays throughout the year.

George Pattenson

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