The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate Cotton Candy Planets

You are searching about The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate, today we will share with you article about The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate was compiled and edited by our team from many sources on the internet. Hope this article on the topic The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate is useful to you.

Cotton Candy Planets

An i-exoplanet yiplanethi eyinzala yenkwenkwezi ekude, kwaye ihlala ngaphandle kweSolar System yethu. Amanye ala mazwe angaphandle afana neeplanethi ezihlala kusapho lwethu lweLanga, ngelixa ezinye zahluke kakhulu kangangokuba ziyinyani “ezingaqhelekanga” – ngokungafaniyo nantoni na izazi ngeenkwenkwezi eziye zabonwa kwiSolar System yethu. Kwinkqubo yokuzingela amazwe angaphandle akude ngaphaya kweNkwenkwezi yethu, izazi ngeenkwenkwezi ziye zafikelela kwisigqibo esingenakuthintelwa sokuba iiplanethi zinokubunjwa phantse ngayo nantoni na. NgoDisemba ka-2019, iqela lezazi ngeenkwenkwezi labhengeza ukufumanisa kwabo iklasi entsha ngokupheleleyo yesijikelezi-langa ngokungafaniyo nantoni na eyakha yabonwa ngaphambili. Ezi bhola “zikhukhumeleyo” zidumbile kangangokuba ziphantse zalingana neJupiter, kodwa ubunzima bayo bube yi-1/100 kuphela.

IMercury Venus, uMhlaba, kunye neMars zezona iiplanethi zomhlaba sihlala eyethu iSolar System. Ngokwahlukileyo koko, eyona quartet inkulu yeeplanethi zangaphandle, iJupiter kunye neSaturn, zombini zihlelwa njenge. izigebenga zegesi. I-Uranus neNeptune, ezona planethi zingaphandle kwezinkulu, zahlukile ngokwakheka izigebenga zegesi, kwaye zihlelwa njenge izigebenga zomkhenkce.

Ikota ye iiplanethi zomhlaba, njengoMhlaba wethu, ziihlabathi eziqinileyo ezenziwe ngokuyintloko ngamatye e-silicate okanye isinyithi. Zone ihlabathi lihlala kwindawo efudumeleyo nekhanyiswe kakuhle yangaphakathi kwiSolar System yethu, kwaye zinjalo ngokwentelekiso kufutshane neLanga lethu. Zime phakathi kwethu roiling, broiling Star, kunye Ibhanti yeAsteroid engundoqo leyo iphakathi kweMars neJupiter.

I-duo enkulu ye izigebenga zegesiiJupiter kunye neSaturn, ngamazwe anerhasi ubukhulu becala enziwe yihydrogen kunye nehelium. Izigebenga zerhasi ngamanye amaxesha zibizwa ngokuba “ziinkwenkwezi ezingaphumeleliyo”. Oku kungenxa yokuba ziqulethe izinto ezisisiseko ezifanayo njengenkwenkwezi.

Ngeminyaka yoo-1990, izazi ngeenkwenkwezi zafumanisa ukuba i-Uranus kunye neNeptune ngokwenene ziludidi olwahlukileyo lwesijikelezi-langa, ngokungafaniyo nabantwana babo ababini abakhulu ngakumbi abanegesi. Le duo intle bluish zombini zihlelwa njenge izigebenga zomkhenkce. Iingxilimbela zomkhenkce ubukhulu becala zenziwe ngezinto ezinobunzima kune-hydrogen kunye ne-helium–ezizezona ziqalelo zilula zeathom. Ezi hlabathi zimbini zikude zenziwe ngezinto zeathom ezinzima ezifana neoksijini, ikhabhoni, isulfure kunye nenitrogen.

“I-cotton candy” ihlabathi lasemzini ngoku libizwa ngokuba Iimpuphu eziphezulu. Ezi planethi zikhukhumeleyo zinokumela inqanaba lexeshana elifutshane lokuzivelela kweplanethi. Kuba esi sigaba sifutshane, sinokucacisa ukuba kutheni izazi ngeenkwenkwezi zingaboni nto efana nazo kwiSolar System yethu. Kuye kwacetywa ukuba Iimpuphu eziphezulu basenokuba bazalelwe kude kakhulu ezinkwenkwezini zabo, baze emva koko bafudukele kubushushu nobushushu babazali babo beenkwenkwezi. Ngeli xesha, i-hydrogen yabo ephantsi kunye ne-helium atmospheres ibhabha iye kwisithuba esiphakathi kweeplanethi. Kwixesha elizayo, iiplanethi ezincinci kakhulu zinokushiyeka ukubalisa ibali labo.

Iiplanethi Zethu Eziqhelekileyo

Ukusukela nge-1 kaDisemba ka-2019, kukho i-4,135 exoplanets eqinisekisiweyo ehlala kwiinkqubo ezingama-3,073, kunye ne-673 yezemidlalo ngaphezulu kweplanethi enye eyedwa. Ezinye zezi planethi zifana ngokusondeleyo nezo zikusapho oluqhelekileyo lweNkwenkwezi yethu yezijikelezi-langa ezinkulu, ngelixa ezinye zingaqhelekanga kangangokuba izazi ngeenkwenkwezi azizange ziyiphuphe into yokuba ihlabathi elinjalo linokubakho-de libe lifunyenwe.

Iindidi ezintathu zeplanethi enkulu kwiSolar System yethu zahlukile enye kwenye. I-quartet yangaphakathi iiplanethi zomhlaba zonke zibonisa umphezulu oqinileyo, ozenza zibonakale zahluke kakhulu kwiquartet yeeplanethi zegesi zangaphandle–zombini ezi zimbini igesi-izigebenga kunye naba babini izigebenga zomkhenkce. Iiplanethi ezinkulu ezine ezingaphandle ziqulathe indibaniselwano yehydrogen, ihelium, kunye namanzi akhoyo kwiintlobo ngeentlobo zezinto eziphathekayo.

Zonke iiSolar System zethu iiplanethi zomhlaba ezemidlalo uhlobo olufanayo olusisiseko lwesakhiwo. Oku kuthetha ukuba zonke iiplanethi ezine ezincinci, ezinamatye zinombindi wesinyithi, owenziwe ikakhulu yintsimbi kunye nengubo ye-silicate ejikelezileyo. INyanga yoMhlaba iyafana neeplanethi ezinkulu ezine ezingaphakathi, kodwa inombindi wentsimbi omncinane kakhulu.

Ebudeni beminyaka yokuqala yeSixokelelwano sezijikelezi-langa, xa yayiqala ukwakhiwa, kusenokwenzeka ukuba zazininzi ngakumbi iiplanethi zomhlaba. Nangona kunjalo, uninzi lwala madala iiplanethi zasemhlabeni kucingelwa ukuba ziye zangqubana kwaye zadityaniswa enye kwenye–okanye zakhutshwa ngokungekho mthethweni kwisixokelelwano sethu seSolar zizonke zezi zine ezikhoyo iiplanethi zomhlaba.

Ibehemoth ezimbini ezigqunywe ngerhasi kakhulu, iJupiter kunye neSaturn, ziphantse zenziwa yihydrogen kunye nehelium, kunye nezixhobo zeathom ezinzima ezifikelela kwi-3 ukuya kwi-13 yepesenti yobunzima. Aba babini igesi-ingxilimbela abahlali beSixokelelwano seSolar esingaphandle bakholelwa ukuba benziwe ngumaleko ongaphandle we-hydrogen yemolekyuli ejikeleze umaleko we-metallic hydrogen. I-duo enkulu kucingelwa ukuba inamatye atyhidiweyo. Owona mmandla ungaphandle womoya wabo wehydrogen ubunjwe ngamafu amaninzi abonakalayo abunjwe ngokuyintloko ngamanzi neammonia. Umaleko we-metallic hydrogen ubalelwa kubuninzi beplanethi nganye kwezi zimbini, kwaye ubizwa ngokuba yi “metallic” kuba uxinzelelo olukhulu lubangela ukuba i-hydrogen ibe yi-morph kwi-conductor yombane. Kukholelwa ukuba i-core duo’s cores ineziqalelo ezinzima kumaqondo obushushu aphezulu kangangokuba iipropathi zazo aziqondwa kakuhle.

I-Uranus kunye neNeptune zezona planethi zinkulu zingaphandle, kwaye ubukhulu becala zenziwe ngezinto ezinobunzima kune-hydrogen kunye ne-helium. Kwi-astrophysics kunye nesayensi yeplanethi igama elithi “ices” libhekiselele kwiikhompawundi zekhemikhali eziguquguqukayo ezineendawo zokukhenkca ezingaphezulu kwe-100 K, ezifana namanzi, imethane, okanye i-ammonia, kunye namanqaku omkhenkce angama-273K, 91K, kunye ne-195K, ngokulandelelanayo.

Izinto eziqinileyo ezidlalwa ngabo babini izigebenga zomkhenkce mhlawumbi zazisele ziqinile xa zazidityaniswa kwi-duo ngexesha lokubunjwa kwazo, ngokuthe ngqo kwimo ye-ices okanye zivaleleke emkhenkceni wamanzi. Okwangoku, amanzi amancinci eUranus naseNeptune ahlala ekwimo yomkhenkce. Endaweni yoko, amanzi ahlala ekhona njengolwelo olungaphezulu kakhulu kumaqondo obushushu kunye noxinzelelo ngaphakathi kwi-duo.

I izigebenga zomkhenkce zenziwe malunga nama-20% kuphela e-hydrogen kunye ne-helium ngobunzima, ngokwahlukileyo kwiplanethi yethu yelanga. igesi-izigebengaiJupiter kunye neSaturn, zombini zingaphezulu kwe-90% ye-hydrogen kunye ne-helium ngobunzima.

Imeko engaqhelekanga yeePlanethi ze “Super Puff”.

Imfihlakalo ukufutha okukhulu Iiplanethi ngamanye amaxesha zibizwa ngokuba yi “cotton candy planets” kuba zidlala ubuninzi becandy candy. Idatha entsha efunyenwe kwiNASA I-Hubble Space Telescope (HST) baye banikezela ngemikhondo exabisekileyo yokuqala kwimichiza yeeplanethi ezimbini ezikhukhumeleyo, ezihlala zombini Kepler 51 inkqubo. Le nkqubo ye-exoplanet eneneni iqulethe i-trio ye iifufu eziphezulu kwi-orbit ejikeleze inkwenkwezi eselula efana neLanga. Inkqubo ngokwayo yafunyanwa yi-NASA yokuzingela iplanethi Kepler Space Telescope Ngo-2012. Nangona kunjalo, akuzange kube ngo-2014 apho ukuxinana okuphantsi kakhulu kwezi “cotton candy” zamazwe angaphandle kwamiselwa–nto leyo eyamangalisa izazinzulu ezininzi zeplanethi.

Eyakutshanje HST Uqwalaselo lwenza ukuba iqela lezazi ngeenkwenkwezi zigqibe ngokuchanekileyo ngakumbi ubungakanani kunye noqikelelo lobunzima kwezi planethi–ngokuzimela ngokuzimeleyo beqinisekisa ubume obuphantsi kakhulu bo “puffy”. Nangona le mihlaba “yelekese yomqhaphu” ingaqhelekanga ayikho ngaphezulu kokuphindwe kaninzi kobunzima besijikelezi-langa sethu, i-hydrogen kunye ne-helium atmospheres idumbe kangangokuba iphantse yalingana nebhemothi yethu yeSolar System enebhanti yeJupiter. Nangona i iifufu eziphezulu ziphantse ukuba yiJovian ngokobungakanani, ziphantse zakhaphukhaphu kalikhulu ngokobunzima.

Njani kwaye kutheni i-atmospheres yezi zinto zingaqhelekanga iifufu eziphezulu eyandisiweyo yangaphandle ayaziwa. Nangona kunjalo, iiatmospheres zabo ezivuthelweyo zibanikeze iithagethi ezinomdla ngakumbi kwizifundo ezithe kratya zomoya. Ukusebenzisa HSTiqela lezazi ngeenkwenkwezi laya kuzingela izinto ezingakumbi. Kepler 51 b kwaye 51d. HST wajonga iiplanethi xa zikho dluliswa (wadlula phambi) kubuso obuqaqambileyo benkwenkwezi yabo yomzali. Izazinzulu bezijonge ukubona umbala we-infrared wokutshona kwelanga–ngaloo ndlela bemisela ubuninzi bokukhanya okufunxwa sisibhakabhaka kukukhanya kwe-infrared. Olu hlobo lokuphonononga lwenza ukuba izazinzulu ngezijikelezi-langa zikhangele iimpawu zemichiza yesi sijikelezi-langa-njengamanzi.

I HST izazi ngeenkwenkwezi zamangaliswa kukufumanisa ukuba imbonakalo yazo zombini izijikelezi-langa ayizange ibonise naziphi na iikhemikhali ezisayiniweyo. Izazinzulu zithi esi siphumo sibangelwa ngamafu amasuntswana adada phezulu kwiatmosfera yawo. “Oku bekungalindelekanga kwaphela. Besicwangcise ukujonga izinto ezinkulu zokufunxa amanzi, kodwa bezingekho. IHubble Observatory Press Release. UGqr. Libby-Roberts weYunivesithi yaseColorado eBoulder.

Ngokungafaniyo namafu amanzi oMhlaba, amafu eeplanethi ze “cotton candy” anokuthi zenziwe ngeekristale zetyuwa okanye i-photochemical hazes, efana naleyo ifumaneka kwinyanga enkulu ye-Saturn, i-Titan. Umphezulu we-Titan wombeswe ngumsi wehydrocarbon oshinyeneyo wegolide-orenji.

Amafu abo bobabini Kepler 51 b kwaye 51d ziqokelelana ngokuchasene nezinye iiplanethi ezinobunzima obuphantsi, ezinegesi ezingaphaya kweSixokelelwano sethu seSolar. Xa kuthelekiswa imbonakalo ecaba yeeplanethi ze “cotton candy” ngokuchasene nembonakalo yezinye iiplanethi, izazi ngeenkwenkwezi ziye zakwazi ukuyila ingcamango ecebisa ukuba ilifu kunye nokwakheka kwenkungu kunxulunyaniswa nobushushu beplanethi – eyona nto ipholileyo yiplanethi, iba cloudier.

Kwakhona izazi ngeenkwenkwezi zaphanda ukuba kusenokwenzeka ukuba ezi zijikelezi-langa azikho ngokwenene iifufu eziphezulu kukonke. Utsalo lomxhuzulane phakathi kweeplanethi lubangela ukuba kubekho utshintsho oluncinane kumaxesha azo okujikeleza. Ngenxa yezi ziphumo zexesha ubuninzi beplanethi inokumiselwa. Ngokudibanisa umahluko kwixesha apho iplanethi idada phambi kobuso obuvuthayo bomzali wayo (iyadlula) nezo hambo ziqatshelwe yi ITelesikophu yaseKepler yaseMajukujukwini, Izazinzulu zazikwazi ngcono ukunqanda ubuninzi beplanethi kunye namandla enkqubo. Iziphumo zabo zingqineke zingqinelana nemilinganiselo yangaphambili ye Kepler 51 b. Noko ke, bakufumanisa oko Kepler 51 d ibingaphantsi kancinci ngobukhulu (okanye iplanethi ibikhukhumele ngakumbi) kunokuba bekumiselwe ngaphambili.

Ekugqibeleni, iqela lafikelela kwisigqibo sokuba ukuxinana okuphantsi kwezi planethi kuyinxalenye yesiphumo sobudala obuncinane benkqubo, eyiminyaka nje eyi-500 yezigidi ubudala. Ngokuthelekisa, iLanga lethu lazalwa kwiminyaka eyi-4.6 yezigidigidi eyadlulayo . Iimodeli zibonisa ukuba ezi “cotton candy” iiplanethi zenziwe ngaphandle kwento ebizwa ngokuba yeyeenkwenkwezi umgca wekhephu. Yenkwenkwezi umgca wekhephu ngummandla weendlela ezinokwenzeka apho izinto ezinomkhenkce zinokuphila. Iiplanethi zale nkqubo yolutsha ekugqibeleni zafudukela ngaphakathi kumzali wazo obalaseleyo, ngendlela efaniswa “nomtya weemoto zikaloliwe.”

Njengoko iiplanethi ngoku zisondele kakhulu kwinkwenkwezi yazo, iatmosfera zazo ezixineneyo eziphantsi kufuneka zinyuke ziye emajukujukwini kwiminyaka yeebhiliyoni ezimbalwa ezizayo. Lisebenzisa imifuziselo yendaleko yezijikelezi-langa, iqela lezazi ngeenkwenkwezi lakubonisa oko Kepler 51 b–iplanethi ekufutshane nenkwenkwezi yayo–iyakuthi, kwibhiliyoni yeminyaka okanye njalo, ijongeke kakhulu njengenguqulelo encinci kunye neshushu yeNeptune yethu yeSolar System. Olu hlobo oluthile lwe-exoplanet luqhelekile kuyo yonke iMilky Way Galaxy yethu. Nangona kunjalo, kubonakala ngathi Kepler 51 d, ekude kumzali wayo-inkwenkwezi, iya kuqhubeka i-oddball ephantsi-nangona iyakucutheka kwaye ilahlekelwe ngumlinganiselo omncinci womoya wayo wokukhukhumala. “Le nkqubo ibonelela ngelabhoratri ekhethekileyo yokuvavanya ithiyori yokuvela kweplanethi,” utshilo uGqr. Zach Berta-Thompson ngoDisemba ka-2019. IHubble Observatory Press Release. UGqr Berta-Thompson ukwangoweYunivesithi yaseColorado eBoulder.

Kuya kwenzeka ukuba izazi ngeenkwenkwezi ekugqibeleni zikwazi ukumisela ukubunjwa kwe-atmospheric ye-duo ye iiplanethi ezidumbileyo kunye nokuza kweNASA UJames Webb Space Telescope (JWST). IJWST izakubanovakalelo kubude obude be-infrared bokukhanya, kwaye ingakwazi ukugqobhoza kwiileya zamafu. Uphononongo lwexesha elizayo ngale teleskopu lunokusinika ukukhanya okutsha koku ukhukhumele ii-oddballs eneneni zenziwe ngazo, ngaloo ndlela zisombulula imfihlakalo enika umdla.

Video about The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate

You can see more content about The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate on our youtube channel: Click Here

Question about The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate

If you have any questions about The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate, please let us know, all your questions or suggestions will help us improve in the following articles!

The article The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate was compiled by me and my team from many sources. If you find the article The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate helpful to you, please support the team Like or Share!

Rate Articles The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate

Rate: 4-5 stars
Ratings: 7419
Views: 43914164

Search keywords The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate

The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate
way The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate
tutorial The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate
The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate free
#Cotton #Candy #Planets

Source: https://ezinearticles.com/?Cotton-Candy-Planets&id=10227662