The Chemical Formula Of A Compound Does Not Indicate Turritopsis Nutricula – A Living Fountain of Youth

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Turritopsis Nutricula – A Living Fountain of Youth

According to an account written by Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo in General History y Nature de las Indias (1535) Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon (1474-1521), the first governor of Puerto Rico (then called Boriquien) tried to discover the fountain of youth, a mysterious fountain that restored youth to everyone who drank its water. Although the legend originally pointed to Ethiopia based on Book III of Herodotus’ Histories, when the Greek historian (c. 484 BC-c. 425 BC) wrote c. 440 BC “The Ichthyophagi [a term synonymous with coastal dwelling peoples] Then they asked the king about the life span+ and the food of his people, and they were told that most of them lived a hundred and twenty years, while others had passed beyond that time – they ate cooked meat. they drank nothing but milk.

When the Ichthyophagi showed wonder at the number of years, [Egyptian Pharaoh Amasis (570 BC-526 BC)] he led them to the well [in Ethiopia], when they washed themselves, they found all their flesh shining and shining, as if they had been poured with oil; a blues-like smell came from the fountain. The water was so weak, that nothing would float in it, not even wood, or anything light, but they all went down. If the report of this source is true, it would be their constant use of the water from it, which is what makes them live so long.”[1] – later stories refer to an island called Boinca in Benini or Bimini, the westernmost district of the Bahamas.

As Boinca became accessible, Ponce de Leon made two attempts to find this source – one in 1513 and another in 1521. If he had looked under the clear waters of the Caribbean, he would have seen the biologically immortal (absence of an increasing rate of death due to the increase in the sequence of time as described by the Gompertz-Makeham law of mortality) jellyfish, Turritopsis nutriculawhich with its gelatinous composition (96% water, 3% salt/other compounds, and 1% carbon and nitrogen), glossy, bell-shaped appearance and ability to recover back in a young state, it is a living source of youth.

However, it was not until March 1992 that Giorgio Bavestrello, Christian Somner and Michele Sará published it. A two-way conversion in Turritopsis nutricula that this living fountain of youth was revealed. Unlike other jellyfish that usually die after spawning. Turritopsis nutriculaa small solitary creature that eats brine shrimp, microscopic plankton, zooplankton, and other small organisms, showed “a special state of ontogeny (development of an organism from embryo to adult) transformation.”

Turritopsis nutricula, which originated in the Caribbean (but has spread to the oceans of the world) is now the only known organism in which transdifferentiation (irreversible transformation of cells from one different type to another) occurs at the level of the organism though its organs, themselves. , they cannot update. Aside from Characteristics of Turritopsis Nutrica transdifferentiation, CDM Davey phenomenon, Transdifferentiation theory (2 May 2006) “is a very rare event in nature,” usually occurs at the organic level when organisms such as newts and salamanders reproduce lost areas. In short, while the change of cell types occurs in rare cases, usually when the organism regenerates an organ or part, it is an important phase Characteristics of Turritopsis Nutrica Life cycle.

With its ability to reverse the aging process – to reverse from the stage of mature adults to the stage of polyp (the first stage of life) an indefinite number of times based on test results that show 100% of the transformation based on a sample of 4000. Turritopsis nutricula medusae collected in the Gulf of Naples in the western Mediterranean from June 1993-October 1994, regardless of exposure to adverse conditions or the type of stress or its absence as reported by Stefano Piraino, Ferdinando Boero, Brigitte Aeschbach, and Volker Schmid Reversing the Life Cycle: Medusae Transform into Polyps and Cell Transformation Turritopsis nutricula (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) (Bulletin of Biology, June 1996) – Turritopsis nutricula It has no natural limit to its life because it can effectively regenerate its entire body. Turritopsis nutricula basically uses transdifferentiation to deal with environmental stress factors (e.g. increase/decrease in water temperature, decrease in salinity (salt content), lack of food, and softening (biological aging) and to repair physical/internal damage (e.g. the body especially its metal is pierced or cut ) regardless of what stage it is in. Additionally, Turritopsis nutricula it is also involved in transdifferentiation after sexual activity and in stressful situations.

as though Characteristics of Turritopsis Nutrica the split ability makes it biologically immortal, not naturally immortal per session. Like any jellyfish, it is subject to predation and diseases (especially during the plankton growth; therefore, most of those who provide it perish before the medusa stage (mature). However, since the latter poses a reduced risk, the population of Turritopsis nutricula now rising unchecked encourages Maria Pia Miglietta, Ph.D. of the Smithsonian Tropical Marine Institute to declare, “We’re looking at a worldwide silent invasion.”[2]

Jellyfish and Turritopsis nutricula Life Cycles:

A common jellyfish has a limited life span from a few hours for small species to several months or years for larger species. From the first moment, the jellyfish usually gets a reputation for the natural death that leads after the distribution. Turritopsis nutriculaOn the other hand, it prevents senescence because the transdifferentiation or restoration of the microstate enables it to maintain the ability to repair DNA, maintain high levels of antioxidants, and reduce the production of free radicals (harmful oxidants that damage the ability of cells to respond to homeostatic imbalances (loss of balance), diseases and other stressors). By doing so, it prevents apoptosis or programmed cell death. Transdifferentiation, the most important part Characteristics of Turritopsis Nutrica The life cycle is described below:

1. Eggs develop in the gonads (located in the abdominal wall) of the female Turritopsis nutricula.

2. Mature eggs are fertilized by sperm released from the water column by the male Turritopsis nutricula.

3. The fertilized eggs develop into planula larvae which settle on the seabed and establish polyp colonies called hydroids. Each polyp depends on minute suckers to get food.

4. Each polyp then produces a medusa (jellyfish) bud.

5. In a few days, the medusae (about 1 mm in diameter and eight equal tentacles) separate from the hydroid colony.

6. In 18-30 days the medusae reach sexual maturity depending on the average water temperature (18-22 days for an average temperature of 72º F; 25-30 days for an average temperature of 68º F). Upon reaching maturity, Turritopsis nutricula jellyfish diameter from about 4-5 mm and includes between 80-90 tentacles.

7. Turritopsis nutricula then it is involved in reverse metamorphosis inverting or gradually contracting its metal “with DNA replication that occurs in exumbrella cells, the endoderm of the radial canals and those of the subumbrellar plate endoderm” Reversing the Life Cycle: Medusae Transform into Polyps and Cell Transformation Turritopsis nutricula (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) (Biology Bulletin, June 1996).

8. Its tentacles and meogloea (middle layer) then shrink and re-mix as the Turritopsis nutricula returns to the cyst or blob of tissue, settling on the substrate (the surface on which the organism grows or is attached).

9. Turritopsis nutricula The jellyfish then produces stolons that develop into polyps over a few days to form another hydroid colony. Then, each polyp produces a medusa bud as the cycle starts again from stage 4 only to be repeated several times due to sexual activity or exposure to stress, the last of which increases the replication of DNA, the main requirement of the transdifferentiation process.

The end:

Scientists and geneticists are learning now Turritopsis nutricula to discover its amazing power to reverse the aging process. Although the method Turritopsis nutricula The use remains unknown, the simplicity of the organism, the genetic code (DNA can be programmed to initiate transformation in the case of a polyp when certain senescence, biological or stress conditions are met based on changes in the chemical composition that can act as a catalyst) potential part (where to combine cells of embryonic stem (ES) and pluripotent stem (PS) cells would like to play a role in transdifferentiation) or complete maintenance of pluripotency (where the stem cell count of the whole can have PS cells) can play a role. Characteristics of Turritopsis Nutrica The ability to transform, however, does not depend only on stem cells. Instead, it is believed that interstitial (separating stem cells) and secretory separation (exumbrella or iron), digestive / circulatory (gastrovascular), and / or striated muscle cells also play a role.

Can researchers finally unravel the mystery of the road Turritopsis nutricula involved in division, the secret of biological immortality can be found at the end of a long millennium and is often seen in the complex search for the fountain of youth. However, should such a development take place, the range of socio-economics, demographics, reproduction and behavior (can life be determined by the government through euthanasia in response to the great competition for limited resources, which is finite due to overpopulation?) issues that will eventually have in the end? It will be shocking and probably unsolvable. As a result, even if scientific research finally solves the mystery of this source of youth, society may, metaphorically, be prevented from drinking its water in order to maintain socio-economic stability, generation and more morally because the alternative could lead to important unintended consequences. which could lead to Armageddon and the annihilation of mankind.

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